What Are the Typical Treatments and Procedures Offered at a Neurosurgery Hospital?
When your brain stops working properly, your entire body becomes static, and it becomes nearly impossible to regain consciousness or even breathe without support. This is where the significance of neurosurgery becomes prominent. The best neurosurgery hospital in India offers different obtrusive and non-intrusive surgical procedures to save millions of lives.
Contrary to popular opinion, neurosurgeons don’t work on the brain only. Neurosurgeons handle patients with different ailments, from head injury to Parkinson’s disease. Let’s check out the most common neurological surgeries performed at the top hospitals in India.
Several people suffer from brain strokes and brain injuries every year. A craniotomy is one of the methods to save their lives. It is also useful for treating aneurysms and taking out brain tumours.
The surgical procedure involves removing a part of the cranium or skull to access the brain. A neurosurgeon will shave the hair on the surgical site and clean it to eliminate infection risks.
While performing the procedure, your surgeon might remove tissue samples if necessary. After the procedure is complete, they will stitch back the tissue.
Ultimately, your surgeon will staple or stitch the skin incision and apply a sterile bandage. The entire procedure takes around two and a half hours to complete.
2. Epilepsy Neurosurgery
The first course of treatment for epilepsy is medicines. But when medications aren’t effective, neurosurgeons opt for a surgical method. Surgery is usually common in people with severe epileptic seizures.
The procedure primarily involves modifying the part of the brain where the seizures occur. Therefore, epilepsy surgery is most effective when seizures occur in only one part of the brain. Surgery is also performed to reduce the severity of seizures, control the use of anti-seizure drugs, or tackle their side effects.
3. Anterior Cervical Discectomy
Individuals may suffer from neck pain at some point in their life. But if the pain is a result of a herniated plate, you must visit the best neurosurgery hospital in India. The pain transmitted from herniated discs is intolerable.
Anterior cervical discectomy is a surgery that involves removing a degenerative or herniated disc in the neck. A neurosurgeon makes an incision in the neck to reach the disc and remove it. Next, they insert a graft to fuse the bones below and above the disc.
Before performing the surgical procedure, medical experts usually recommend therapy or medications. But you will have to undergo surgery if it fails to relieve the pain caused by pinched nerves in your neck or arm. Patients can usually go home the same day after the anterior cervical discectomy.
4. Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap
A lumbar puncture or spinal tap can help diagnose multiple health conditions like the following:
- Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections like meningitis and syphilis
- Cancers in the spinal cord or brain
- Subarachnoid haemorrhage or bleeding around the brain
- Inflammatory conditions of the nervous system
- Autoimmune neurological conditions
- Alzheimer’s and different forms of dementia
A spinal tap can also help with the following:
- Collecting cerebrospinal fluid to identify inflammation, infections, and other diseases
- Measuring the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid
- Injecting dye or radioactive substance inside cerebrospinal fluid to understand its flow
- Injecting chemotherapy medications, spinal aesthetics, and other medicines
The procedure is performed in the lumbar region. During the procedure, a needle is inserted between two vertebrae to collect a sample of cerebrospinal fluid. Your brain and spinal cord are protected from injuries by the cerebrospinal fluid.
5. Chiari Decompression
Chiari decompression is useful for treating Arnold-Chiari malformations, which are responsible for making individuals lose the ability to balance their bodies. The procedure involves removing bone at the back of the skull to broaden the foramen magnum. It helps create increased space for the brain.
The herniated tonsils are opened so that a patch can be sewn to increase space. The primary aim of the procedure is to relieve the pressure on your brainstem, cerebellum and spinal cord. The process can also make cerebrospinal fluid flow normally.
Chiari decompression surgery usually takes around two to three hours. Patients must stay in the hospital for two to four days during recovery.
If you are looking for the best neurosurgery hospital in India, you should visit Max Nanavati Hospital, BLK Max Hospital, or Max Healthcare Group. The neurosurgeons at the hospital offer the best course of treatment to help patients get the best treatment for their neurosurgical concerns.
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